Archive for March, 2023

HMRC issues VAT guidance to help overseas sellers

Thursday, March 30th, 2023

Steps have been taken to simplify VAT guidance for overseas sellers that sell goods online into the United Kingdom to help reduce the tax gap.

The guidance published by HMRC, Selling goods using an online marketplace or direct to customers in the UK, has also been translated into simplified Mandarin to support sellers exporting goods from China to comply with UK import and VAT regulations.

In 2022, the UK imported £83.3 billion in goods and services from China and Hong Kong. Online shopping accounted for 26.5 per cent of all UK retail sales in 2022, with a substantial number of goods being bought from international sellers via online marketplaces.

Marc Gill, HMRC’s Director for Individuals and Small Business Compliance, said: “We have been working closely with international partners to better understand what information overseas sellers need in order to comply with their UK tax obligations.”

HMRC is encouraging UK agents and shipping companies to share the simplified guidance with their customers.

The information explains when and how VAT and import duties must be charged to customers by international sellers. It explains the different processes for direct to customer sales, and for sellers using online marketplaces.

“We have acted on feedback from businesses to simplify and compile this online guidance into one, easily accessible place on GOV.UK. We have also recently published a simplified Mandarin translation of our guidance following research conducted with Chinese businesses.

“By making our VAT and import duty rules easier to understand, we will be able to increase tax compliance levels for online sellers. We are asking UK freight, customs and shipping agents to help us reduce the tax gap by sharing this simplified guidance with their customers. By working together, we can help everyone pay the right amount of tax at the right time.”

HMRC’s updated guidance has been published following detailed consultation and research with overseas sellers and brings together all relevant guidance in one place on GOV.UK. By making the process clearer and easier to follow, it will support overseas sellers to comply with their tax obligations and help HMRC to reduce the tax gap.

In 2018, HMRC signed an updated Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the General Administration of Customs China (GACC). During the 10th UK-China Economic and Financial Dialogue in 2019, HMRC agreed to provide Chinese businesses with appropriate tax and customs guidance.

In 2020, HMRC commissioned research with Chinese online sellers. The report, Knowledge and attitudes of online sellers in China to UK tax compliance, was published in 2021. Recommendations from that research led to the development of new guidance and its translation into simplified Mandarin.

  • If you need any help with VAT, get in touch and we will help.

Crack your Easter childcare costs with tax-free top-ups

Tuesday, March 28th, 2023

The biting cost of living crisis and yet another rise in interest rates means families need all the financial help they can get.

With the Easter school holidays nearly here, HMRC is reminding mums and dads not to miss out on Government help to pay for childcare to help lift some of the burden.

Tax-Free Childcare can pay for any approved childcare for children aged 11 or under, or 16 if the child has a disability. More than 405,000 families used the scheme in December 2022, with each benefitting from a share of £41.5 million in government top-ups.

Victoria Atkins, Financial Secretary to The Treasury, said: “Tax-Free Childcare provides extra help with childcare costs which could make all the difference to working families and make childcare expenses more manageable. I would urge families to go online today to find out how it can help you.”

Working families, where each parent or carer earns up to £100,000, can use it, meaning for every £8 paid into an online account they will receive an additional £2 from the Government. This means parents and carers can receive up to £500 every three months (£2,000 a year for each child), or £1,000 (£4,000 a year for each child) if their child is disabled.

for every £8 paid into an online account they will receive an additional £2 from the Government. This means parents and carers can receive up to £500 every three months (£2,000 a year for each child), or £1,000 (£4,000 a year for each child) if their child is disabled.

Whether children go to nursery, a childminder, attend breakfast, after school or holiday clubs, as well as out of school activities, Tax-Free Childcare could be used.

Myrtle Lloyd, HMRC’s Director General for Customer Services, said: “Childcare is so important for working families, especially during school holiday time. Tax-Free Childcare provides financial support when it’s needed the most. Search ‘Tax-Free Childcare’ on GOV.UK to find out how it could help you.”

A Tax-Free Childcare account can be opened online in just 20 minutes. Money can be deposited at any time to be used straight away, or whenever it is needed. Unused money in the account can be withdrawn at any time.

Families could be eligible for Tax-Free Childcare if they:

  • have a child or children aged 11 or under. They stop being eligible on 1 September after their 11th birthday. If their child has a disability, they can receive support until 1 September after their 16th birthday
  • earn, or expect to earn, at least the National Minimum Wage or Living Wage for 16 hours a week, on average
  • each earn no more than £100,000 per annum
  • do not receive tax credits, Universal Credit or childcare vouchers

A full list of the eligibility criteria is available on GOV.UK.

Also, check GOV.UK to find out what other cost of living support, including help withchildcare costs , families could be eligible for.

Ready for the new tax year? Follow our tips

Wednesday, March 22nd, 2023

As a new tax year approaches, business owners need to prepare their payroll and ensure compliance with the latest tax laws and regulations.

April is also an excellent time for businesses to review their financial situation, identify areas for improvement, and plan ahead.

Here are some essential tasks for the start of the new tax year:

  1. Review and update employee information

Before the start of the new tax year, business owners should review and update employee information, such as contact details, pay rates, and tax codes. This will ensure that the payroll is accurate and up-to-date.

        2. Check tax codes

HM Revenue and Customs updates tax codes annually, and business owners must ensure that the correct tax code is used for each employee. This can affect the amount of tax deducted from their pay, so it’s essential to review this information carefully.

        3. Check for changes in National Insurance contributions

The National Insurance contribution rates and thresholds change every year, so it’s important to check these and ensure that the correct amounts are deducted from employees’ pay.

        4. Review pension contributions

Employers are required to make pension contributions on behalf of their employees, and these rates can change from year to year. It’s essential to review and update the pension contributions to ensure compliance with the latest regulations.

         5. Complete payroll year-end tasks

Before the start of the new tax year, business owners need to complete payroll year-end tasks, such as issuing P60s to employees and submitting the final Full Payment Submission (FPS) to HMRC.

It’s also an excellent time for business owners to review their financial situation, identify areas for improvement, and plan ahead. Here are some essential steps business owners should take at the start of the new tax year.

  1. Review and update financial records

Take the opportunity to review and update financial records, including income and expenses, bank statements, receipts, and invoices. Keeping accurate financial records is crucial for meeting tax obligations and making informed business decisions.

        2. Set financial goals and budgets

Business owners should use the start of the new tax year to set financial goals and budgets for the coming year. This could include revenue targets, expense reductions, or investment plans. Having clear financial goals and budgets can help business owners make informed decisions about spending, pricing and investment.

         3. Understand tax changes

Each new tax year brings changes to tax laws and regulations. Business owners should familiarise themselves with any tax changes that may affect their business, such as changes to tax rates, allowances, or deductions. Seeking advice from a tax professional can help ensure that businesses are fully compliant with tax laws and regulations.

         4. Plan for pension contributions

The new tax year is also an excellent time to plan for pension contributions. Business owners should consider whether they are making the maximum contributions possible and whether there are any changes to contribution limits or tax relief. Pensions are an essential aspect of retirement planning, and ensuring adequate contributions are made can provide future security.

The start of April is a pivotal time of the year for business owners. Just as individuals make new year resolutions on January 1, companies can make their own resolutions on April 6.

  • If you need any help with planning for a new tax year, get in touch and we will help.

Chancellor targets business growth in Spring Budget

Monday, March 20th, 2023

A £27 billion tax cut for business to drive investment and growth featured among the headlines of Jeremy Hunt’s Spring Budget.

A ‘full expensing’ policy introduced from 1 April 2023 until 31 March 2026 and an extension to the 50 per cent first-year allowance in the same period is a transformation in capital allowances which will benefit businesses over three years.

Aimed at achieving long-term, sustainable economic growth that delivers prosperity, the Spring Budget focused on breaking down barriers to work, unshackling business investment and tackling labour shortages head on.

Chancellor of the Exchequer, Jeremy Hunt said: “Our plan is working – inflation falling, debt down and a growing economy.

“Britain is on a lasting path to growth with a revolution in childcare support, the biggest ever employment package and the best investment incentives in Europe.”

Childcare bonus

The Chancellor announced 30 hours of free childcare for every child over the age of nine months, with support being phased in until every single eligible working parent of under 5s gets this support by September 2025.

The Government will also pay the childcare costs of parents on Universal Credit moving into work or increasing their hours upfront, rather than in arrears – removing a major barrier to work for those who are on benefits. The maximum they can claim will also be boosted to £951 for one child and £1,630 for two children – an increase of around 50 per cent.

The Chancellor went on to set out plans to continue to support households with cost-of-living pressures, including keeping the Energy Price Guarantee at £2,500 for the next three months and ending the premium that over four million households pay on their prepayment meter, bringing their charges into line with comparable customers who pay by direct debit.

Taken together with all the Government’s efforts to help households with higher costs, these measures bring the total support to an average of £3,300 per UK household over 2022-23 and 2023-24.

Fuel duty rise cancelled

To help household budgets further, the planned 11 pence rise in fuel duty will be cancelled, maintaining last year’s 5p cut for another 12 months, saving a typical driver another £100 on top of the £100 saved so far since last year’s cut.

The Chancellor also set out a comprehensive plan to remove the barriers to work facing those on benefits, those with health conditions and older workers.

An increase in the pensions Annual Allowance from £40,000 to £60,000 and the abolition of the Lifetime Allowance will remove the disincentives to working for longer.

A new ‘Returnerships’ skills offer for older workers and more stringent Universal Credit job search requirements also feature in the plan that will boost the UK’s workforce, fill vacancies and support economic growth.

Boost for business growth

In line with the government’s vision for the UK to be the best place in Europe for companies to locate, invest and grow, a new policy of ‘full expensing’ will be introduced for the next three years to boost business investment in an effective cut to corporation tax of £9 billion per year. This makes the UK the joint most competitive capital allowances regime in the OECD and the only major European economy to have such a policy.

The independent Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) forecast that this will increase business investment by three per cent for every year it is in place. Mr Hunt signalled an intention to make this scheme – which covers equipment for factories, computers and other machinery – permanent when responsible to do so.

Accompanying forecasts by the OBR confirm that with the package of measures Mr Hunt set out, the economy is on track to grow with inflation halved this year and debt falling – meeting all of Prime Minister Rishi Sunak’s economic priorities.

  • If you are affected by any Budget announcements and would like to discuss them, give us a call.

Budget summary 15 March 2023

Thursday, March 16th, 2023

As expected, the Chancellor, Jeremy Hunt, resisted pressure to reduce taxes in any significant way, and the majority of his announced changes were already in the public domain. According to the Chancellor, the UK economy is on track to grow in the coming year with inflation halving.

We have listed any new variations in the UK tax rates, allowances, reliefs and other matters of interest in the update set out below.


Impact on personal finances

Increase in pensions’ tax support

The present £40,000 cap on annual pension contributions that qualify for Income Tax relief is being increased to £60,000 from 6 April 2023.

The present Lifetime Allowance is being abolished.

Both of these changes are intended to incentivise older employees to continue in work whilst continuing to build additional pension savings.

In addition, the Money Purchase Annual Allowance will increase from £4,000 to £10,000 and the minimum Tapered Annual Allowance will increase from £4,000 to £10,000 from 6 April 2023.

The adjusted income threshold for the Tapered Annual Allowance will also be increased from £240,000 to £260,000 from 6 April 2023.


Childcare support increased

Childcare support in England is being expanded to include children over the age of 9 months. The announcement confirmed 30-hours of free childcare for every child over the age of 9 months, with support being phased in until every single eligible working parent of under 5s gets this support from September 2025.

The changes will be introduced in phases, with 15-hours of free childcare for working parents of 2-year-olds coming into effect in April 2024 and 15 hours of free childcare for working parents of children from 9 months from September 2024.

Parents receiving Universal Credits as well as being in employment will receive financial support to include upfront payment of childcare costs. The maximum they can claim will also be boosted to £951 for one child and £.1,630 for two children – an increase of around 50%


Extension of Energy Price Guarantee

It was announced that the Energy Price Guarantee cap of £2,500 would be extended for the next three months until 30 June 2023. From 1 July 2023 (rather than 1 April 2023 as previously announced), this guarantee will change so that the typical household will pay on average £3,000 a year (an increase of £500).

Also, from 1 July 2023, the government will adjust the Energy Price Guarantee premium that over 4 million households pay for their prepayment meter. This will bring their charges into line with comparable customers who pay by direct debit.


Duties on fuel frozen

The proposed 11p rise in fuel duty will be cancelled thus maintaining last year’s 5p cut for another 12-months.


Draught Relief

Draught Relief has also been significantly extended from 5% to 9.2%, so that the duty on an average draught pint of beer served in a pub, from 1 August 2023, will be up to 11 pence lower than the duty in supermarkets. The commitment to duty on a pub pint being lower than the supermarket has been termed the “Brexit Pubs Guarantee” by the Chancellor, and this change will also be enjoyed by every pub in Northern Ireland thanks to the Windsor Framework.


Access to employment reforms

Major set of reforms to support people into work, removing barriers that stop those on benefits, older workers, and those with health conditions who want to work.


Impact on UK businesses

Full expensing

The major announcement affecting business investment, and to reduce the impact of the forthcoming increase in Corporation Tax from April 2023, is the ability of companies to “fully expense” the purchase of qualifying plant and other equipment.

This will include spending on, but is not limited to, warehousing equipment such as forklift trucks, tools such as ladders and drills, construction equipment such as bulldozers and excavators, machines such as computers and printers, vehicles such as tractors, lorries and vans, office equipment such as chairs and desks, and some fixtures such as kitchen and bathroom fittings and fire alarm systems.

Effectively, qualifying purchases can be written off completely against company taxable profits.

The ‘full expensing’ policy will be introduced from 1 April 2023 until 31 March 2026.


The 50% First Year Allowance (FYA)

This current allowance lets taxpayers deduct 50% of the cost of other plant and machinery, known as special rate assets, from their profits during the year of purchase. This includes long life assets such as solar panels and thermal insulation on buildings.

The 50% FYA was introduced alongside the super-deduction and was due to end on 31 March 2023. It will now be extended by three years to 31 March 2026. For each year following the first year, 6% of the remaining cost will be written off via Writing Down Allowances (WDAs).

The 50% FYA allows for faster relief than under the default WDAs-only regime, which is worth 6% each year, including year one.

As part of his commitment to maintain a stable economy, the Chancellor’s long-term ambition is to make the 50% FYA permanent.


Simplifying tax system

Changes to simplify the tax system of the UK were underlined by a number of changes to positively impact the lives of small business owners. They are:

  • Changes to the Enterprise Management Incentives (EMI) scheme from April 2023 to simplify the process to grant options and reduce the administrative burden on participating companies. This includes, from 6 April 2023, removing requirements to sign a working time declaration and setting out details of share restrictions in option agreements.
  • Delivery of IT systems to enable tax agents to payroll benefits in kind on behalf of their clients – allowing agents to better support their clients and reducing burdens on employers.
  • The government will extend the Help to Save scheme by 18-months, on its current terms, until April 2025. A consultation will also be launched on longer terms options for the scheme.
  • Measures to simplify the customs import and export processes, including improvements to the Simplified Customs Declaration Process, and the Modernising Authorisations project.

R&D tax credits

A £500 million per year package of support for 20,000 research and development (R&D) intensive businesses through changes to R&D tax credits was announced. In full, the Chancellor’s announced changes in this important area are:

  • The scheme is targeted specifically at loss making R&D intensive SMEs. Focusing support towards those most impacted by the rate changes introduced at Autumn Statement 2022.
  • A company is considered R&D intensive where its qualifying R&D expenditure is worth 40% or more of its total expenditure.
  • Eligible loss-making companies will be able to claim £27 from HMRC for every £100 of R&D investment, instead of £18.60 for non-R&D intensive loss makers.
  • Around 1,000 claiming companies will come from the pharmaceutical and life sciences industry. This will support the development of life saving medicines.
  • Around 4,000 digital SMEs will be from the computer programming, consultancy, and related activities sector. This will support the development of AI, machine learning and other digital based technologies.
  • Around 3,000 other manufacturing firms, and another 3,000 professional, scientific, and technical activities firms will also qualify for the enhanced support.
  • This builds on previously announced changes to support modern research methods by expanding the scope of qualifying expenditure for R&D reliefs to include data & cloud computing costs.
  • The permanent increase from 13% to 20% for the R&D Expenditure Credit rate announced at Autumn Statement 2022 also means the UK now has the joint highest uncapped headline rate of tax relief in the G7 for large companies.


Creative sector tax concessions

Newly announced reforms to tax reliefs for the creative sectors will ensure theatres, orchestras, museums and galleries are protected against ongoing economic pressures and will continue to guarantee that more world-class productions are made in the UK.


UK AI research support

£900 million of funding was committed for an AI Research Resource and an exascale computer – making the UK one of only a handful of countries to have one – and a commitment to £2.5 billion ten-year quantum research and innovation programme through the government’s new Quantum Strategy.


Levelling up

The following measures were announced to help level-up growth across the UK:

  • Greater responsibility for local leaders to grow their local economy.
  • Over £200 million for high quality local regeneration projects in areas of need, from the transformation of Ashington Town Centre to a skills and education campus in Blackburn.
  • Over £400 million for new Levelling Up Partnerships for twenty areas in England, such as Rochdale and Mansfield.
  • Business rates retention expanded to more areas in the next Parliament.
  • Delivering trailblazer devolution deals for the West Midlands and Greater Manchester Combined Authorities that include single multi-year settlements for the next Spending Review, alongside a commitment to negotiate further devolution deals in England.
  • 12 Investment Zones across the UK including 4 across Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
  • £8.8 billion over the next five-year funding period for a second round of the City Region Sustainable Transport Settlements.

Many of the Budget decisions on tax and spending apply in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. As a result of decisions that do not apply UK-wide, the Scottish Government will receive around an additional £320 million over 2023-24 and 2024-25, the Welsh Government will receive £180 million, and the Northern Ireland Executive will receive £130 million.


Previously agreed changes effective from April 2023

Changes to personal or business finances (from April 2023) that were agreed or announced prior to the Budget presentation by Jeremy Hunt on 15 March are listed below:

  • £900 Cost of Living Payment for households on means-tested benefits in 2023-24
  • £300 Pensioner Cost of Living Payment in 2023-24
  • £150 Disability Cost of Living Payment in 2023-24
  • Business Rates: freezing the multiplier in 2023-24
  • Business Rates: 75% relief for Retail, Hospitality and Leisure sectors in 2023-24, up to £110,000 cash cap
  • Business Rates: three-year transitional relief to limit bill increases at the revaluation
  • Business Rates: three-year supporting small businesses scheme for properties losing Small Business Rates Relief or Rural Rates Relief
  • Business Rates: delay improvement relief by one year to April 2024
  • Business Rates: relief for property improvements from 2024-25
  • Income Tax and National Insurance: maintain thresholds at 2023-24 levels until April 2028
  • Inheritance Tax: maintain thresholds at current level until April 2028
  • Income Tax: reduce the dividend allowance from £2,000 to £1,000 from April 2023 and then £500 from April 2024
  • Income Tax: reduce the additional rate threshold from £150,000 to £125,140 from April 2023
  • Capital Gains Tax: reduce the annual exempt amount from £12,300 to £6,000 from April 2023 then £3,000 from April 2024
  • Vehicle Excise Duty: equalise treatment of electric and internal combustion engine vehicles from April 2025
  • National Insurance: maintain the secondary threshold for employer contributions at current level from April 2023 until April 2028
  • R&D tax reliefs: rebalance generosity of reliefs from 1 April 2023
  • VAT: maintain registration threshold at current level, £85,000 to 31 March 2026
  • Van benefit charge: uprate with CPI in 2023-24
  • Car fuel benefit charge: uprate with CPI in 2023-24
  • First Year Allowance for electric vehicle charge points: extend for a further two years until April 2025
  • Pension Credit: uprate Standard Minimum Guarantee by CPI in 2023-24
  • Benefit cap levels: uprate by CPI in 2023-24
  • Capital Gains Tax: extend the period for no gain/no loss transfers to three years for couples that separate or divorce
  • Annual Investment Allowance: permanently set at £1m from April 2023
  • Income Tax: basis periods reform for the self-employed from April 2024 with transition year in 2023-24
  • Corporation Tax: 19% rate for profits up to £50,000, tapering to main rate of 25% for profits over £250,000, from April 2023



One thing is for sure, our tax code and the supporting business regulations are becoming more complex in spite of the promoted changes towards simplifying matters.

We encourage readers who are concerned or interested in more information on any of the announcements described in this short update, to pick up the phone to discuss how you may be affected.

Leaving your business? Why you should plan an exit strategy

Friday, March 10th, 2023

Retirement may be a long way off, but when it does come time to leave your business, you want to ensure it is in the best shape it can be. And that requires some forward planning.

What is an exit strategy?

As a business owner in the UK, it's essential to have a plan for exiting your business. A business exit strategy is a plan that outlines how you will sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of your business when the time comes. It's a critical component of any business plan, and it's essential to have one in place even if you don't plan to exit your business for many years.

The benefits of an exit strategy

So, what are the benefits of having a business exit strategy? For starters, having a plan in place can help you maximise the value of your business.

By preparing for an exit, you'll be able to identify any potential issues that could impact your business's value and address them before they become problematic.

You'll also have a clear idea of what your business is worth, which will help you set realistic goals for your sale or transfer.

Another benefit of having a business exit strategy is that it can help you maintain control over the process. If you wait until you're ready to exit your business to start planning, you may find yourself in a position where you're forced to make decisions quickly and under pressure.

By planning ahead, you'll be able to take your time and make informed decisions that are in your best interests.

What happens if I don’t plan?

So, what is the worst-case scenario if you don't plan ahead? There are several potential consequences of failing to have a business exit strategy in place.

For starters, you may find that you're unable to sell your business for as much as you could have if you had prepared properly. You may also find that you're unable to find a buyer or that the sale process takes much longer than anticipated.

Additionally, failing to plan for your exit could lead to disputes among family members, business partners, or other stakeholders. These disputes could lead to legal battles or even the dissolution of your business.

By planning ahead and being clear about your intentions, you can help avoid these types of issues.


What do I need to do?

The first step is to determine your goals. Do you want to sell your business outright, transfer ownership to a family member or key employee, or wind down operations entirely? Once you've established your goals, you can start to develop a plan for achieving them.

Some key considerations to keep in mind when developing your exit strategy include tax implications, legal issues, and the timing of your exit. You'll also need to consider who your potential buyers or transferees might be and what they'll be looking for in a business.

In many cases, it's a good idea to work with a professional advisor when developing your exit strategy. An experienced accountant, lawyer, or business broker can provide valuable guidance and help you navigate the complex legal and financial issues involved in selling or transferring a business.

Having a business exit strategy is essential for any business owner. By preparing for your exit, you can maximise the value of your business, maintain control over the process, and avoid potential disputes or other issues. So, start planning your exit strategy today – your future self will thank you.

Need help? Get in touch today.

Thinking of ditching the 9-5 and going self-employed?

Wednesday, March 8th, 2023

Starting up your own business may be the dream, but is it right for you? We look at some of the pros and cons of going it alone.

Making a change

Self-employment and traditional employment have their benefits and drawbacks. Choosing between them requires careful consideration of individual circumstances and preferences, including financial implications. Taxation plays a significant role in determining the pros and cons of being self-employed or employed.

Pros of self-employment

  • Flexibility: Self-employment offers more control over work schedules and workload, allowing for a better work-life balance. Self-employed individuals can choose to work on a project-by-project basis or set their hours to fit personal needs, making it easier to attend to family and personal commitments.
  • Unlimited earning potential: Unlike traditional employment, self-employment has no fixed salary, which means that earnings are directly related to the amount of work done. Self-employed individuals have an unlimited earning potential, which can significantly increase income over time.
  • Tax benefits: Self-employed individuals have access to a range of tax benefits that are not available to traditional employees. For example, self-employed individuals can deduct business expenses from their tax bill, such as equipment, travel, and office space. Self-employed individuals can also claim capital allowances on certain assets, reducing their taxable income.

Cons of self-employment

  • Financial instability: Self-employment is typically more volatile than traditional employment, with irregular income and cash flow. This can make budgeting and financial planning more challenging, particularly during the early stages of starting a business.
  • Responsibility: Self-employed individuals are solely responsible for the success or failure of their business. This requires a level of risk-taking and entrepreneurial skill that may not be suitable for everyone. It also means that there is no safety net if things go wrong.
  • Taxation: Self-employment can also have higher tax obligations than traditional employment. Self-employed individuals must pay both income tax and National Insurance contributions on their earnings. In addition, self-employed individuals may be required to register for VAT if their turnover exceeds £85,000.

Pros of traditional employment

  • Financial stability: Traditional employment provides a stable income, with regular pay, benefits and job security. This can make it easier to plan and budget for personal and family expenses.
  • Employee benefits: Traditional employees typically have access to a range of benefits, such as sick pay, holiday pay and pensions, which are not available to self-employed individuals. These benefits can significantly enhance the financial well-being of employees.
  • Reduced tax obligations: Traditional employees have lower tax obligations than self-employed individuals, as employers are responsible for paying a portion of National Insurance contributions on behalf of their employees.

Cons of traditional employment

  • Limited earning potential: Traditional employment typically has a fixed salary or wage, which means that earnings are limited. There is less opportunity for rapid income growth than self-employment.
  • Less flexibility: Traditional employment generally requires employees to work set hours and adhere to strict schedules, reducing the flexibility to attend to personal and family commitments.
  • Limited control: Traditional employees have limited control over their job responsibilities and career trajectory, which can be frustrating for those seeking autonomy and career growth.

The decision to become self-employed or seek traditional employment depends on individual preferences, circumstances and financial goals. While self-employment offers more flexibility, unlimited earning potential and tax benefits, it also carries financial instability, responsibility and higher tax obligations. Traditional employment, on the other hand, offers financial stability, employee benefits and reduced tax obligations, but comes with limited earning potential, less flexibility and limited control over job responsibilities and career growth.

If you are thinking of going self-employed and would like any advice, give us a call.

Why close a limited company

Tuesday, March 7th, 2023

There are a number of reasons why you may look to close your limited company. This could be because the limited company structure no longer suits your needs, your business is no longer active, or the company is insolvent. You will usually need the agreement of all the company’s directors and shareholders to close down the company.
The method for closing down a limited company depends on whether it is solvent or insolvent. If the company is solvent, you can apply to get the company struck off the Register of Companies or start a members’ voluntary liquidation. The former method is usually the cheapest.
It is the responsibility of the company directors to ensure that all of a company’s assets and liabilities are dealt with before it is dissolved. For example, you have settled any outstanding bills and collected all debts owed to the business. Any assets or rights (but not liabilities) remaining in the company at the date of dissolution can pass to the Crown as ownerless property.
Where a company is insolvent, the creditors’ voluntary liquidation process must be used. There are also special rules where the company has no director, for example if the sole director has passed away.
A company can also elect to become dormant. A company can stay dormant indefinitely, however there are costs associated with this option. This might be done if for example a company is restructuring its operations or wants to retain a company name, brand or trademark. The costs of restarting a dormant company are typically less than starting with a new formation.


A reminder – points add up to penalties from 1 January 2023

Thursday, March 2nd, 2023

The changes to VAT penalties from 1 January 2023 will affect everyone who submits VAT returns, including nil or repayment return. The default surcharge regime has been replaced by a new penalty system with different penalties for late submission of VAT returns and late payment of VAT. It’s also changing the way interest is calculated when taxpayers are late in paying HMRC.

The new points system

HMRC intend for this to be less punitive when the taxpayer misses the occasional deadline. It will allocate 1 point each time a filing deadline is missed, and that point will expire after a specified time unless you go over the penalty thresholds. When you reach a relevant number of points, a £200 penalty will be charged, and all subsequent missed deadlines will incur a penalty.

Points for penalties

A penalty will be charged when your total equals these thresholds:

Submission period Points threshold

Annual 2 points

Quarterly 4 points

Monthly 5 points

Expiration of penalty points

Like driving license ‘points’, your points will expire when you have met a longer test of compliance – submitting everything on time.

Late payment of VAT

The new points system will apply in two stages, fixed penalties and daily penalties. The later your payment, the higher the rate of penalty. Payments that are up to 15 days late will not trigger a penalty irrespective of the number of occurrences.

  • Payments between 16 and 30 days late – 2% penalty of amount outstanding at day 15
  • Payments that are 31 days late or more – 2% penalty of amount outstanding at day 15 plus additional 2% penalty calculated on the amount outstanding at day 31

There will also be a daily penalty from day 31 on the amount outstanding.

It is important to note that the penalties and interest charges can add up quickly, and can have a significant impact on a business's finances. Therefore, it is essential for small business owners to take their VAT obligations seriously and stay on top of their VAT returns and payments.

Need help?

If you need help or support with your VAT obligations, get in touch.

Tax Diary March/April 2023

Wednesday, March 1st, 2023

1 March 2023 – Due date for Corporation Tax due for the year ended 31 May 2022.

2 March 2023 – Self-Assessment tax for 2021-22 paid after this date will incur a 5% surcharge unless liabilities are cleared by 1 April 2023, or an agreement has been reached with HMRC under their time to pay facility by the same date.

19 March 2023 – PAYE and NIC deductions due for month ended 5 March 2023 (If you pay your tax electronically the due date is 22 March 2023).

19 March 2023 – Filing deadline for the CIS300 monthly return for the month ended 5 March 2023.

19 March 2023 – CIS tax deducted for the month ended 5 March 2023 is payable by today.

1 April 2023 – Due date for Corporation Tax due for the year ended 30 June 2022.

19 April 2023 – PAYE and NIC deductions due for month ended 5 April 2023. (If you pay your tax electronically the due date is 22 April 2023).

19 April 2023 – Filing deadline for the CIS300 monthly return for the month ended 5 April 2023.

19 April 2023 – CIS tax deducted for the month ended 5 April 2023 is payable by today.

30 April 2023 – 2021-22 tax returns filed after this date will be subject to an additional £10 per day late filing penalty for a maximum of 90 days.